Up to 17.8 million people internally displaced because of conflict, disasters in Africa

Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zimbabwe

Internal displacement in Africa has reached unprecedented levels; the conflict and disaster events in 2019 suggest the number of displacements is likely to continue rising.

Although forced displacement is a global phenomenon, it is more pronounced in Africa. Africa hosts over one-third of the global forced displacement population. As at 31 December 2018, the continent hosted some 17.8 million internally displaced persons. In response, across the continent, various stakeholders – including governments, civil society organisations and regional bodies – are stepping up their efforts to address the structural factors that trigger forced displacement. This explains, in part, why the Africa Union declared 2019 as The Year of Refugees, Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons: Towards Durable Solutions to Forced Displacement.

The Africa Report on Internal Displacement represents a timely and relevant contribution to the discussion on internal displacement and its links with governance, peace and socio-economic development in Africa. It provides reliable and up-to-date evidence about the drivers, scale and consequences of internal displacement on the continent. The analysis in this report represents an important baseline to inform policy making and actions.