Up to 14.9 million people need emergency food assistance in Sahel region

Source: European Commission’s Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal

Compared with the 2019 lean season, 2020 food insecurity figures will rise by 100% in Mali and Burkina Faso, 74% in Chad and by 65% in Niger. Mauritania is facing its fourth consecutive drought.
  • Results from the regional analysis (Cadre Harmonisé) of the food security situation in west and central Africa show an alarming deterioration of food security in the 9 Sahel countries for the 2020 lean season.

  • A combination of conflict, insecurity, forced displacement, implementation of state of emergency measures and climatic shocks will leave an estimated 14.9 million people in need of emergency food assistance (phase 3 to 5) in the Sahel region, between June and August 2020. This translates to a continuous and sharp increase in food insecurity in the last five years across the Sahel.

  • In Northern Nigeria, at least 6.2 million people will require emergency food assistance, while part of the estimated 1.2 million people living in hard-to-reach areas may be at risk of famine.

  • Compared to the 2019 lean season, 2020 food insecurity figures will increase by +100% in Mali and Burkina Faso, +74% in Chad and by +65% in Niger (+80% increase for the G5 countries combined). Mauritania is facing its fourth consecutive drought, meaning that 13.5% of the population will need emergency food assistance in 2020.

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